Category Archives: Science-Based Veterinary Medicine

Neutered Dogs Live Longer than Intact Dogs

I’ve written extensively over the years about the risks and benefits of neutering. It’s a complicated subject that tends to draw a lot of passion even in the absence of robust scientific evidence. Variable such as sex, breed, age at neutering, … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 10 Comments

Should I Worry About Bacteria in My Pet’s Urine? Well, It Depends….

Veterinarians and pet owners are highly motivated to find discrete, fixable problems when pets are unwell. Owners want the reassurance and sense of control that comes with knowing what the problem is and taking action. Vets want to help our … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 3 Comments

What are Screening Tests, and Should You Use them?

What is Screening?Screening is the use of diagnostic tests in apparently healthy individuals with no clinical symptoms.1-2The purpose is to detect asymptomatic disease with the presumption that this allows earlier, more effective intervention and will reduce suffering and delay or … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 28 Comments

New Report on Complication Rates for Neutering Surgery in Dogs and Cats

I have written extensively about the subject of neutering (spaying and castrating male and female dogs and cats). The bulk of the discussion and debate about this procedure centers on the health effects. It is generally recognized to be a … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 16 Comments

Tramadol for Pain in Dogs and Cats

Introduction Awareness of the importance of analgesia for veterinary patients has increased significantly over the last couple of decades. It is widely considered important, for medical and ethical reasons, to provide effective pain relief for dogs and cats, whether their … Continue reading

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Low-level Laser Treatment does not Improve Healing after TPLO Surgery in Dogs

I have been covering the subject of low-level, or “cold” laser treatment for many years. While there is some plausibility to the idea that laser light might have beneficial effects on tissue, very little convincing evidence of actual benefits in … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 7 Comments

American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) 2017 Canine Vaccination Guidelines

In previous discussions of vaccination recommendations, I have referenced several clinical guidelines that review the existing evidence and provide recommendations for vaccination. The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) and American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) guidelines are quite extensive and … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine, Vaccines | 30 Comments

Evidence Update: Feline Facial Pheromone Doesn’t Reduce Stress or URIs in Shelter Cat Study

I have written numerous times about the use of pheromones to reduce stress and stress-related problems in cats and dogs (1, 2, 3). Overall, the evidence for these products is weak, and it is likely they have little to no … Continue reading

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Evidence Update: Potential Associations Between Neutering and Immune System Disorders

The risks and benefits associated with neutering are a complex and active area of research and debate in veterinary medicine. I have written several extensive summaries of the literature and numerous articles here evaluating the burgeoning research evidence. One subject … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 10 Comments

AVMA Policy Cautions Vets about Unproven Stem Cell Therapies

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) is the main professional organization for veterinarians in the United States. It is not a government or regulatory body, but it does sometimes promote policy statements or guidelines intended to encourage or discourage certain … Continue reading

Posted in Science-Based Veterinary Medicine | 20 Comments